Pros of JAVA
1. Java is Simple:
A simple programming language is such that it is easy to learn and understand. Java with its straightforward and easy-to-comprehend codes is one of the simplest programming languages to learn and implement.
In addition, Java removes all the complex features of C and C++ like pointers, structures, and unions, and makes the implementation of codes easier.
2. Java is an Object-Oriented Programming Language:
One of the main advantages of java is that it is an object-oriented programming language. We all know that procedural languages are very complicated and hard to implement. Using the OOPs concept made java easier to implement and much more secure. OOPs, and concepts help java solve real-world problems. It also helps maintain large code by breaking them into smaller named fragments.
3. Java is a Secure Language:
Languages like C and C++ used pointers, which allow access to memory location. This is a security risk, as pointers can lead to unauthorized memory access. Java also used OOPs concepts like encapsulation, abstraction, and inheritance, which increases security and prevents unauthorized access to users.
4. Java is cheap and economical to maintain:
Due to its simple build, java is cheap and easy to develop and maintain. Java can run on any machine regardless of the hardware of the system, this reduces the cost of development significantly.
5. Java is platform-independent:
Java follows the feature of WORA(Write Once Run Anywhere). The java programs written in a system can be run on any other system that has java in it. The compatibility of java does not depend on the OS or hardware, this makes the java platform independent and super flexible.
6. Java is a High-Level Programming Language:
Java programs are written in a high-level language, i.e, human language. It is similar to English, with a few syntaxes that are simple and easy to remember. Java has an interpreter which interprets the code into machine-level language for the machine to comprehend.
7. Java supports portability features:
Java is a highly portable language. This is because java is platform-independent as well as does not require any special hardware to run. This makes java compatible with almost every possible device.
8. Java Provides Automatic Garbage Collection:
In C or C++ we had to free space through the program. In java, the JVM automatically manages the memory. So, whenever there is an object that doesn’t refer to any class and needs to be dereferenced, the JVM automatically removes them from the program, so we do not need to write any extra code. Thus, java supports automatic garbage collection.
9. Java supports Multithreading:
A thread is the smallest possible unit of a process. To gain maximum CPU utilization, multithreading is a key component. Java is a programming language that supports multithreading. We can run more than one thread at a time using Java. They share a common memory to increase the efficiency and performance of the application. Threads run independently of one another.