What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a wide-ranging branch of computer science concerned with building smart machines capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence.

The scope of artificial intelligence has expanded and evolved over time, and it is very hard to frame a concrete definition. In the broadest of terms however, AI is anything or any instance where a machine is able to reason and make decisions which are not explicitly defined.

Artificial intelligence is being presented as a life-changing feature, and in many ways it is. A human brain can never perform calculations as fast as a blazingly fast processor, but it has the ability to decode the world around it and distinguish between objects, animals, shapes and sizes. This is what AI is set to bring to the table – the ability to allow smartphones (and other devices) to understand surroundings and make their own decisions.


  1. Reactive Machines
  2. Limited Memory
  3. Theory of Mind
  4. Self-Awareness


  • Siri, Alexa and other smart assistants
  • Self-driving cars
  • Robo-advisors
  • Conversational bots
  • Email spam filters
  • Netflix’s recommendations

Artificial Intelligence in Smartphones

The future of Smartphone revolves around terminologies like machine learning, artificial intelligence and augmented reality. We’re starting to see this happen already, as most smartphone manufacturers now stress that their devices have AI baked in.

How the AI in Smartphones Shaped Your Phone’s Intelligence

1.Voice Assistant :Google Assistant, and Amazon Alexa all use data to understand their users’ voice commands and to perform a variety of tasks.

2.Better photos with AI: AI has even allowed us to improve the quality of the photos we take with our smart phones. AI has been used to take better low-light photos, better selfies, and even to add artistic-looking special effects to existing photos.

3.Face Recognition : The best example of an AI facial recognition feature being used in a smartphone is the iPhone X’s Face ID, a security feature enabling users to unlock their phones using their face

4.Animoji: This implements facial point tracking using the same IR sensors and on-device inference processing. The feature allows the user to map the features of their face onto an animated emoji, allowing them to manipulate features of the animation by simply mirroring it in their own face.

5.Automated calendar entries: Another AI-infused feature is designed to streamline the process of scheduling appointments and events by parsing email and automatically adding them (or suggesting the additions) directly to your calendar — fishing out information regarding flights, appointments, or even restaurant reservations.

6.Located based app suggestions: Smartphones typically know where they are and will make helpful app suggestions based on the user’s physical location.

Putting the ‘Smart’ in Smartphone

Unlike the first mobile phones—which could do little more than make calls, save contacts, and take low-res photos—a smartphone is a pocket-sized computer with a full-fledged operating system, a QWERTY keyboard, web access, apps, messaging, and more. Smartphones offer many of the features a standard computer has, and it makes calls. AI is behind much of this evolution.

The areas in which AI has made its mark in mobile technology are too many to list; here, we focus on voice assistant functions, photography, and facial recognition.

The advantages of Artificial intelligence

1) Reduction in Human Error:

The phrase “human error” was born because humans make mistakes from time to time. Computers, however, do not make these mistakes if they are programmed properly. With Artificial intelligence, the decisions are taken from the previously gathered information applying a certain set of algorithms. So errors are reduced and the chance of reaching accuracy with a greater degree of precision is a possibility.

Example: In Weather Forecasting using AI they have reduced the majority of human error.

2) Takes risks instead of Humans:

This is one of the biggest advantages of Artificial intelligence. We can overcome many risky limitations of humans by developing an AI Robot which in turn can do the risky things for us. Let it be going to mars, defuse a bomb, explore the deepest parts of oceans, mining for coal and oil, it can be used effectively in any kind of natural or man-made disasters.

Example: Have you heard about the Chernobyl nuclear power plant explosion in Ukraine? At that time there were no AI-powered robots that can help us to minimize the effect of radiation by controlling the fire in early stages, as any human went close to the core was dead in a matter of minutes. They eventually poured sand and boron from helicopters from a mere distance.

AI Robots can be used in such situations where intervention can be hazardous.

3) Available 24×7:

An Average human will work for 4–6 hours a day excluding the breaks. Humans are built in such a way to get some time out for refreshing themselves and get ready for a new day of work and they even have weekly offed to stay intact with their work-life and personal life. But using AI we can make machines work 24×7 without any breaks and they don’t even get bored, unlike humans.

Example: Educational Institutes and Helpline centers are getting many queries and issues which can be handled effectively using AI.

4) Helping in Repetitive Jobs:

In our day-to-day work, we will be performing many repetitive works like sending a thanking mail, verifying certain documents for errors and many more things. Using artificial intelligence we can productively automate these mundane tasks and can even remove “boring” tasks for humans and free them up to be increasingly creative.

Example: In banks, we often see many verifications of documents to get a loan which is a repetitive task for the owner of the bank. Using AI Cognitive Automation the owner can speed up the process of verifying the documents by which both the customers and the owner will be benefited.

5) Digital Assistance:

Some of the highly advanced organizations use digital assistants to interact with users which saves the need for human resources. The digital assistants also used in many websites to provide things that users want. We can chat with them about what we are looking for. Some chatbots are designed in such a way that it’s become hard to determine that we’re chatting with a chatbot or a human being.

Example: We all know that organizations have a customer support team that needs to clarify the doubts and queries of the customers. Using AI the organizations can set up a Voice bot or Chatbot which can help customers with all their queries. We can see many organizations already started using them on their websites and mobile applications.

6) Faster Decisions:

Using AI alongside other technologies we can make machines take decisions faster than a human and carry out actions quicker. While taking a decision human will analyze many factors both emotionally and practically but AI-powered machine works on what it is programmed and delivers the results in a faster way.

Example: We all have played Chess games in Windows. It is nearly impossible to beat CPU in the hard mode because of the AI behind that game. It will take the best possible step in a very short time according to the algorithms used behind it.

7) Daily Applications:

Daily applications such as Apple’s Siri, Window’s Cortana, Google’s OK Google are frequently used in our daily routine whether it is for searching a location, taking a selfie, making a phone call, replying to a mail and many more.

Example: Around 20 years ago, when we are planning to go somewhere we used to ask a person who already went there for the directions. But now all we have to do is say “OK Google where is Goa”. It will show you Goa’s location on google map and the best path between you and Goa.

8) New Inventions:

AI is powering many inventions in almost every domain which will help humans solve the majority of complex problems.

Example: Recently doctors can predict breast cancer in the woman at earlier stages using advanced AI-based technologies.

As every bright side has a darker version in it. Artificial Intelligence also has some disadvantages. Let’s see some of them

1) High Costs of Creation:

As AI is updating every day the hardware and software need to get updated with time to meet the latest requirements. Machines need repairing and maintenance which need plenty of costs. It’ s creation requires huge costs as they are very complex machines.

2) Making Humans Lazy:

AI is making humans lazy with its applications automating the majority of the work. Humans tend to get addicted to these inventions which can cause a problem to future generations.

3) Unemployment:

As AI is replacing the majority of the repetitive tasks and other works with robots, human interference is becoming less which will cause a major problem in the employment standards. Every organization is looking to replace the minimum qualified individuals with AI robots which can do similar work with more efficiency.

4) No Emotions:

There is no doubt that machines are much better when it comes to working efficiently but they cannot replace the human connection that makes the team. Machines cannot develop a bond with humans which is an essential attribute when comes to Team Management.

5) Lacking Out of Box Thinking:

Machines can perform only those tasks which they are designed or programmed to do, anything out of that they tend to crash or give irrelevant outputs which could be a major backdrop.

Some interesting facts about AI

AI uses different techniques such as machine learning, deep learning, to parse data, learn from it, and then make a prediction about the future.

  • A recent report suggested that AI will contribute $15.7 trillion to the global economy by 2030.
  • AI is making your home better and connected with AI-powered products such as Alexa, smart TV, and much more.
  • Many of the product that you buy is suggested by AI. Companies such as Amazon are using AI to suggest products and deals to users.
  • Many experts, including Stephen Hawking, is worried that AI will replace humans in many industries in the coming future and even fight back like the terminator.
  • Some researchers experts said that AI would be only 1/10 smart as humans by 2035.

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Get enrolled for the most demanding skill in the world. Artificial Intelligence will make your career a new height. We at ISM University provide you an excellent platform to learn and explore the subject from industry experts. We help students to dream high and achieve it.

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AI is at the Centre of a new enterprise to build computational models of intelligence. The main assumption is that intelligence (human or otherwise) can be represented in terms of symbol structures and symbolic operations which can be programmed in a digital computer.

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